NOTE : We provide highly intellectual local guide who have experince with the trekking area from childhood.. Our guides are well experienced and trained in the field of trekking. We hire guides who are morally disciplined and conscious in the field of high altitude environment.


Trekking in high altitude can be fun and adventarious while in other hand it can be equally dangerious for some trekkers. High altitude has its benefits. Our bodies use more calories and burn more fat. But, for lowland travelers who are new to our area, altitude can produce some unusual high altitude effects such as dizziness, nausea and headaches or even life taking altitude sickness. The higher you go, the “thinner” the air gets, and when you go too high too fast, your body cannot get the oxygen it needs. While many people can reach up to 8,000 feet without any ill effects, anyone who travels from lower altitudes to above 6,500 feet could experience altitude sickness. So whether you’re trekking with us or other travel agents , here is our basic advice for travelers looking to stay healthy in high altitude destinations.

Q. What is altitude Sickness (AMS) ?

Ans : Altitude sickness is a common condition that can occur when you climb to a high altitude too quickly. The decrease in atmospheric pressure makes breathing difficult because you aren't able to take in as much oxygen. Altitude sickness—also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, hypobaropathy, "the altitude bends", or soroche—is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude. It commonly occurs above 2,400 metres (8,000 feet)

Q. What are the Symptoms of Altitude Sickness ?

Ans: Most cases are mild, with symptoms that can include:

* Headache
* Nausea
* Dizziness
* Exhaustion

In rare cases, altitude sickness can cause fluid to build up either on the lungs or the brain. These are very serious conditions and require immediate medical attention. Symptoms of severe altitude sickness can include:

* A bubbling sound in the chest.
* Worsening breathlessness.
* Coughing up pink, frothy liquid.
* Clumsiness and difficulty walking
* Confusion leading to loss of consciousness.

Q. What are the Causes of Altitude Sickness ?

Ans : All forms of altitude sickness are caused by low levels of oxygen at very high altitudes. These lower levels result in hypoxia, a shortage of oxygen in the body's tissues. The effects of hypoxia may be mild or even unnoticeable. Altitude sickness is most likely to occur with a rapid increase in elevation, as well as by the cold experienced at high altitudes.

People can adjust to the effects of hypoxia at high altitudes, but only up to a point. At elevations up to 3,000 metres (10,000 feet), most people have no problems after a few days. But no one can survive permanently above 5,100 metres (17,000 feet). At the elevations reached by mountain climbers, bottled oxygen often becomes necessary. Risk factors for altitude sickness include:

* Abuse of narcotics.
* Being overweight (although some people do not consider this a risk factor).
* Some chronic diseases.
* Fatigue or overwork.
* Heavy drinking.

Children are especially vulnerable, and can experience high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) below 2,500 metres (8,000 feet). Men are 5 times more likely than women to develop HAPE, but acute mountain sickness (AMS) and HACE affect men and women equally. If someone has had altitude sickness before, they have a 3 times greater risk. If someone usually lives below 3,000 metres, they are at more than 3 times the risk of those who reside at higher altitudes. However, if someone lives at a high altitude, an increased risk can develop even after a brief stay at lower elevations.

Q. What to do if you have symptoms ?

Ans : If you have mild symptoms of altitude sickness, you shouldn't go any higher for at least 24 to 48 hours. You can continue to climb if your symptoms improve after this. If your symptoms get worse or don't improve after 24 to 48 hours, you should descend by at least 500m. Severe altitude sickness is a medical emergency. Someone with severe symptoms should immediately descend to a low altitude and seek medical help.

Preventing altitude sickness

Proper acclimatisation to altitudes of about 2,500m (just over 8,200 feet) or more is the best way to prevent altitude sickness. It usually takes a few days for the body to get used to a change in altitude. Ascending slowly will give your body time to adapt to the change in altitude. For example, once you're above 3,000m (10,000 feet) try not to increase the altitude at which you sleep by more than 300-500m a night. Keeping hydrated is also important, but make sure you avoid alcohol.
1. Stay below 7,000 feet the first day.
2. Give your body time to adjust.
3. Avoid strenuous exercise the first day.
4. Limit alcohol intake. Alcohol binds oxygen and water and robs your body of these two important nutrients.
5. Drink more water. The air is drier and your body will dehydrate much more quickly. The higher up you go, the more water you should drink.
6. Always travel with a companion. If someone begins to experience severe coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath or chest pain, get him or her to a lower altitude as quickly as possible.
7. The effects of some drugs such as tranquilizers can be greatly increased at higher altitudes. Be sure to check with your doctor first before exerting yourself at higher altitudes.

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